Cabo Blanco Park
caboThe Cabo Blanco Park is the clearest example that forests can be regenerated if efforts toward conservation are pursued.

This great park, extending for 1250 hectares in the outer tip of the Nicoya peninsula, was mainly composed of devastated lands by indiscriminate deforestation in the 1960's when the park was created.

Now, it's a fully regenerated secondary forest full of huge native trees of all species and abundant wildlife. The park can be explored by following several paths that are available to visitors. The longest trail is about 3.5 km. long and takes you to the beach right in front of the Cabo Blanco Island. But the park also protects all marine life around its shoreline and the around the island of Cabo Blanco which extends 1 km. out from its complete shoreline (1800 additional hectares of marine area).

The Cabo Blanco island is an incredible rookery for all sorts of marine birds. The island has the greatest colony of Brown Bobby birds in Central America, and also mantains the largest population of pelicans in the Nicoya Peninsula. The Cabo Blanco Park is a living example that existing ecosystems can be restored when there is the determination and will to let nature take its course.

 

Cabo Blanco Park Flora & Fauna

Flora: pochoteAbout 140 different species of trees have been identified inside the park.

Due to the fact that the park is located in a transition area between the dry and wet forest, there exists a combination of evergreen trees (never loose their leaves) which are characteristic of the humid rainforest, and trees of the deciduous type (which loose their foliage during the dry season) and are characteristic of the dry forest.

Among the dry forest specimens found we can mention the "Pochote" (Bombacopsis quinatum), the "Guacimo" (Guazuma ulmifolia), and the "Indio Desnudo" (Bursera simaruba) but there are many trees present that are native to the whole Nicoya Peninsula area.

Among the evergreens is worth mentioning the tall and impresive "Espavel" (Anacardium excelsum), the "Guacimo Colorado" (Luehea seemanii), and the beautiful "Cortez Amarillo" (Tabebuia ochracea) which bursts into a yellow spectacle of flowers during the dry months of March and April.

Fauna:
congo There is a considerable variety of mammals in the park.

Predominant among these and very easily spotted by visitors are the Howler (Alouatta palliata) and the White-face (Cebus capuchinus) monkeys.

Also very abundant and easily seen are the White-nosed coati (Nasua narica) and the White-Tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus).
Also present, but harder to spot are the Margay (Felis wiedii) and the coyote (Cannis latrans).

But the greatest wealth in fauna is in the abundant marine birds, fish, crabs and mollusks found in the shore waters and in the Cabo Blanco island.
Worth mentioning is the healthy population of brown bobbies and pelicans found in the island, and also the plentiful Conch (Strombus galeatus) found on the park's waters.

 

Cabo Blanco Park History

weddingUp to the 1960's the lands that now constitute the Cabo Blanco Nature Reserve were being depleted of their natural forests for use as farm and pasture land. The emphasis in those days was to develop and increase agricultural production and little concern was given to conservation of natural habitats.

Olof Wessberg (known as Nicolas) and Karen Mogensen arrived in Costa Rica in the 1960's in the pursuit of Karen's dream of finding happiness in harmony with nature. They chose to establish themselves in the Nicoya Peninsula.

Soon after establishing themselves in a farm near the Montezuma area, they set up on an expedition to the Cabo Blanco area in seach for native tree seeds to reforest their newly acquired farm. Upon arriving to the area, he was amazed at the abundant wildlife and the size of the trees in the area. This was like an oasis in the midst of a desert as all lands around had been devastated to give way to low-yield pasture and agricultural lands.

This experience was what triggered their determination to save and perserve this "natural jewel". With the aid of an international agency, they bought 1250 hectares of land in 1963 and turned these lands into the first protected area in all of Costa Rica.

Nicolas died in 1975 and Karen in 1994. Their bodies are buried at the Nicolas Wessberg Natural Reserve which was the original farm they bought when first arrived in the Montezuma area.

Thanks Karen and Nicolas for this great legacy you left Costa Rica and the whole world!

 

Cabo Blanco Park Services & Policies Park Services:
  • Visitors' center
  • Restrooms
  • Informational brouchures and displays
  • Resting and lunch areas.
  • Parking area
  • Drinking water
  • Waste disposal
  • Tel-Fax (506) 642-0093
Park Policies:
  • Park schedule - Wednesday to Sunday from 8am to 4pm.
  • Do not to take anything out of the park.
  • Do not leave anything in the park.
  • Keep to the trails.
  • Watch for your own security.
  • Do not disturb the ecology.
  • No hunting.
  • No fishing.
  • Do not consume alcohol or drugs inside park premises.
  • No smoking or fires allowed! You are visiting a dry forest!

Cabo Blanco National Park Maps

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